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Nordic agreements

Several Nordic agreements have been adopted to promote mutual recognition and mobility.

The Reykjavik Declaration

On 9 June 2004, the Nordic ministers of education adopted a declaration which is to serve as an instrument for deeper co-operation concerning mutual recognition in higher education in the Nordic Region: the "Nordic Declaration on Recognition of Qualifications Concerning Higher Education" (or "The Reykjavik Declaration").

The Reykjavik Declaration replaces the 1975 Decision of the Nordic Council of Ministers on the validity of examinations (the Sigtuna Agreement). The declaration is based on the Lisbon Convention, ratified by all of the Nordic countries, and tries to go one step further. Among other things, it sets out to ensure that Nordic higher education qualifications receive full mutual recognition, and that the Nordic countries achieve better agreement in assessing and recognising qualifications obtained in both Nordic and other countries. The Nordic Council of Ministers will monitor progress by collecting reports every two years from the national ENIC offices.

Find the Reykjavik Declaration here:

Agreement on access to higher education

An agreement from 1996 aims to ensure equal access to higher education in the Nordic countries.

Find the document here:


Nordic Agreement on Co-operation on Upper Secondary School Education

This agreement covers general secondary as well as vocational education.


Labour market agreements

The Nordic countries have concluded several agreements concerning a common labour market:

1) In general (see 

  • Agreement on Common Nordic Labour Market signed 6 March 1982 and took effect on 1 August 1983

2) For teachers (see

  • Agreement on common Nordic labour market for class teachers in compulsory schools
  • Agreement on common labour market for specialist teachers, practical and artistic teachers, and specialist teachers in compulsory schools.
  • Agreement on common labour market for specialist teachers, practical and artistic teachers, and specialist teachers in upper secondary and vocational schools.

3) For health personnel:
Most categories of health personnel with authorisation from Denmark, Finland, Iceland or Sweden are covered by the Agreement on a Common Nordic Labour Market for certain categories of health personnel and veterinarians. This agreement gives privileges which are more extensive than those following from the EEA Treaty.