Key features

  • Qualification: Kandidatexamen
  • Qualification in English: Degree of Bachelor
  • EQF level: 6
  • Cycle: First cycle
  • Thesis required: Degree project
  • Nominal length: 3 years / 180 ECTS
  • Access requirement: Upper secondary level
  • Access to further study: Second cycle


A Degree of Bachelor is awarded after the student has completed the courses required to gain 180 credits in a defined specialisation determined by each higher education institution itself, of which 90 credits are for progressively specialised study in the principal field (main field of study) of the programme.

Independent project (degree project)

A requirement for the award of a Degree of Bachelor is completion by the student of an independent project (degree project) for at least 15 credits in the main field of study.

Degree titles

  • Swedish: Filosofie/Ekonomie/Politices/Teknologie/Teologie kandidatexamen i [field of study]
  • English: Degree of Bachelor of Arts/Science/Political Science in [field of study]

The titles and the specific designations are decided by the higher education institution.

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding

For a Degree of Bachelor the student shall

  • demonstrate knowledge and understanding in the main field of study, including knowledge of the disciplinary foundation of the field, knowledge of applicable methodologies in the field, specialised study in some aspect of the field as well as awareness of current research issues.

Competence and skills

For a Degree of Bachelor the student shall

  • demonstrate the ability to search for, gather, evaluate and critically interpret the relevant information for a formulated problem and also discuss phenomena, issues and situations critically
  • demonstrate the ability to identify, formulate and solve problems autonomously and to complete tasks within predetermined time frames
  • demonstrate the ability to present and discuss information, problems and solutions in speech and writing and in dialogue with different audiences, and
  • demonstrate the skills required to work autonomously in the main field of study.

Judgement and approach

For a Degree of Bachelor the student shall

  • demonstrate the ability to make assessments in the main field of study informed by relevant disciplinary, social and ethical issues
  • demonstrate insight into the role of knowledge in society and the responsibility of the individual for how it is used, and
  • demonstrate the ability to identify the need for further knowledge and ongoing learning.