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Nordic agreements

Several Nordic agreements have been adopted to promote mutual recognition and mobility.

The Reykjavik Declaration

The Reykjavik Declaration aims to promote:

  • mutual recognition of higher education qualifications between the Nordic countries
  • automatic recognition of comparable qualifications in higher education in the region
  • co-operation on the assessment of qualifications obtained in Nordic and other countries, in particular via the NORRIC Network.

In 2004 the Nordic Council of Ministers for Education and Research signed Reykjavik Declaration, the Nordic Declaration on Recognition of Qualifications Concerning Higher Education. In 2016 the Reykjavik Declaration was revised.

The declaration is based on the Lisbon Convention, ratified by all of the Nordic countries.

The Reykjavik Declaration replaced the 1975 Decision of the Nordic Council of Ministers on the validity of examinations (the Sigtuna Agreement).

Agreement on access to higher education

An agreement from 1996 aims to ensure equal access to higher education in the Nordic countries.

Find the document here:

Nordic Agreement on Co-operation on Upper Secondary School Education

This agreement covers general secondary as well as vocational education.

Labour market agreements

The Nordic countries have concluded several agreements concerning a common labour market:

1) In general

2) For teachers (see Norden.org):

  • Agreement on common Nordic labour market for class teachers in compulsory schools
  • Agreement on common labour market for specialist teachers, practical and artistic teachers, and specialist teachers in compulsory schools.
  • Agreement on common labour market for specialist teachers, practical and artistic teachers, and specialist teachers in upper secondary and vocational schools.

3) For health personnel:
Most categories of health personnel with authorisation from Denmark, Finland, Iceland or Sweden are covered by the Agreement on a Common Nordic Labour Market for certain categories of health personnel and veterinarians. This agreement gives privileges which are more extensive than those following from the EEA Treaty.